Security Operations Centers need capabilities that enable them to address their top use cases faster and more thoroughly in the face of evolving attacks. That’s the promise the security industry needs to make and can only deliver with the right architectural approach. As attackers evolve, organizations need to rethink the tactics and strategies deployed in their SOC.
During the pandemic, the reports of a surge in cyber-attacks spread across industries and organizations. Since then, security operations centers (SOCs) began to increasingly focus on detection and response activities.
Cyber-attacks continue to get worse, increasing in volume, pace, and complexity. To stay ahead of these ever-changing threats, the Security Operations Center (SOC) needs to evolve in crucial ways such as threat visibility, new/unknown attacks, active defense strategy, hunting and response to threats.
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It is important for firms to focus on adding efficiencies to the leverage of the SOC, as it rises to the challenge of primarily becoming a threat detection and response organization. For it to be effective and efficient, the future SOC needs to develop certain capabilities. It needs to:
Focus on data
Data is the backbone of security because it provides context for many internal and external sources, including systems, threats, risks, identity, and more. Security strategies driven by data provide the context to focus on relevant issues, prioritize, make the best decisions, and take appropriate action. Data-driven security also provides a feedback loop that allows teams to store and use data to improve forecasts and future threats.
Ensure that systems and tools can work together
Since the data that teams need for analysis is spread throughout the typical organization, bi-directional integrations allow teams to integrate that data. Open integration architecture enables the greatest access to data from all applications, threat feeds and other third-party sources. It also empowers teams to drive action back to those applications once a decision is made.
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Balance automation with human response
The most effective way to empower teams is to apply automation to repetitive, low-risk, time-consuming tasks and recognize that the need for human analysis still exists. Irregular, high-impact, and timely investigations are best led by a human analysts with automation simply augmenting the work. When there is a balance between human and machine, automation ensures that teams always have the best tool for the job.
The modern SOC is headed for stronger push back to cyber- attacks. It is now adopting numerous high end applications to meet its objective. Security Orchestration, Automation and Response (SOAR) solutions are increasingly gaining traction in real use cases, and Extended Detection and Response (XDR) is being touted as the most critical trend CISOs need to understand to increase detection accuracy and improve security operations efficiency and productivity. With threat intelligence as the foundation, these capabilities will propel SOCs even further on their mission to be better detection and response organizations, going forward.
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