Embedded software security is crucial for developing and maintaining systems running on sensors, microcontrollers, and IoT products. Professionals working on embedded software security must have the right skills and resources to ensure their code is reliable, robust, and resistant to attacks.
If you are interested in working on embedded software security, there are skills you need to work on to help achieve your goals. In this article, let’s look at the skills needed for embedded software security.
1. Artificial Intelligence Understanding
With embedded systems becoming more advanced, software security on embedded systems is becoming more complex. To keep up with these changes, many developers turn to Artificial Intelligence (AI) to improve the efficiency and security of their systems. Thus, one of the skills needed for embedded software security is understanding Artificial Intelligence.
Attacks against embedded software are increasing due to several vulnerabilities discovered in these systems and with more and more companies implementing AI. Thus, embedded software security is more important than ever.
One of the benefits of AI in embedded software in improving safety is monitoring potential hazards and taking corrective action as necessary. For instance, embedded software engineers can use AI-powered drones to detect obstacles and adjust flight paths to prevent collisions.
In the same way, an AI-powered autonomous vehicle can identify and respond to potential road hazards to improve passenger safety.
Artificial Intelligence can also conduct predictive maintenance on embedded systems to prevent downtime and failure. It works by analyzing data and other inputs gathered by the sensor. Through algorithms, AI can identify patterns and predict if the system is likely to malfunction, allowing operators to take proper corrective action before any failure. Doing so helps reduce maintenance costs and improve uptime.
2. Data Processing and Analysis
Those interested in embedded software security should be able to analyse and process data using Python, Excel, and other tools. In fact, data science or data analysis is a crucial part of the roles of embedded software engineers. Around a third have said that the most essential components of their IT jobs are data processing and analysis.
Data processing and analysis are now more intertwined with embedded software, and one of the contributing factors to this is the increasing number of IoT devices. Embedded software is a crucial component of IoT devices. As more and more of these devices continue to process, multiply, and manage data, understanding the vast data accompanying such growth has been challenging. Many embedded software developers know this trend, adapting their roles to include the necessary data processing and analysis components.
Embedded software developers are leading the way humans interact with many technologies. With the increasing number of IoT devices, millions will connect to the Internet through networks, which increases the need for implementing embedded software security.
The increasing number of IoT devices also necessitates the need for embedded software developers to handle the demands in their workflow, such as processing and analysing data, which will continue to push embedded software developers further to broaden their skills and keep up with embedded software security needs.
3. Internet of Things (IoT)
IoT is a crucial aspect of embedded software security. These devices connect to the internet to communicate with other devices, users, and servers. As such, they are vulnerable to cyberattacks, which could compromise the IoT device’s safety. Therefore, understanding IoT should be a crucial component of embedded software security.
Ensuring safety for embedded IoT devices can be time-consuming and challenging, even for expert embedded software developers. They must keep up with the security threats that continue to attack devices while keeping up with the evolving security standards. The more complex systems may require adhering to multiple safety standards that could inhibit device flexibility and compatibility. The higher-level embedded software security features can come with higher costs and power consumption, adversely affecting the IoT device’s marketability.
Equipping IoT devices with the right security solutions from the get-go is crucial to helping prevent attacks, such as fraud or theft. Embedded software developers should know the appropriate security to protect the company’s IP and data and maintain client confidence. The right embedded security solutions should help the company establish new business models while saving on operating costs.
Engineers interested in embedded software security should be proficient in at least one programming language like C and C++. Programming skills are essential to carry out some of their tasks, such as debugging codes, integrating database changes, and automating and deploying processes.
Because of cost and size limitations, the software in embedded systems works with limited computer resources for processing, power, and memory. Thus, lightweight programming languages like C and C++ are crucial in embedded systems, just as they are on Linux kernels running most of the cloud.
While C++ needs more computing resources than C, the need for more powerful microprocessors has made C++ the language of choice for millions of embedded systems worldwide. Although some developers also use other programming languages like Python, C and C++ are the most preferred. Many microprocessors can come with C++ compilers, making it easier for developers to start coding for embedded systems.
5. User Experience Design
Instead of reinventing things each time a client requires a new product, embedded software engineers can have design style guides to work around and help speed up the process. Thus, user experience design is helpful for embedded systems software. It involves several steps, from research to prototype and testing.
One of the key benefits of applying the user experience design principle in working with embedded software security is it allows you to learn faster by finding different ways to do things together. Multi-systems should work in harmony to provide the user’s desired functionality. A user experience design with an initiative-based roadmap can help developers determine where to align their focus, discuss future ideas, and set client expectations.
User Experience Design is a cost-effective method for developing proof of concepts to address emerging needs, look for new revenue streams, and reach new markets. It also speeds up the embedded software development process.